بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Root Words of Quran

Find the true meanings of Quranic words. (Translation by Imtiaz Ahmad Khan)
The root words are provided so the reader of Quran can interpret the meaning of Ayats.

All Arabic words are based on mostly three Arabic Alaphabets, “Huroof Ul Hjja”, and called "root word”. The Arabic root words provides the base meaning of the word, and these words are morphed into various tenses based on work done in phases of time like past, or present, and number of workers (like one worker two workers, or three workers).

In this website the words of Quran are listed next to each Ayat and these words are linked to Arabic English University Dictionary of the Modern Literary Language Compiled and Arranged by MAAN ZULFI MADINA, from Columbia University.

  • Words in Each Ayat of Quran are linked to the pages of the Dictionary.
  • Just Click on root word next to Ayat and the dictionary page will open, where meaning are provided.
  • Listings of all words are available on the second sheet.
  • It is recommended that the Quran shall be read in conjunction with other translations.


SurahOrder Name Name Meaning Ayat Ruku Revealed
1 Al-Fatiha سورة الفاتحة The Opening 7 1 Meccan
2 Al-Baqara سورة البقرة The Heifer The Calf 286 40 Medinan
3 Al-i-Imran سورة آل عمران The Family of Imran 200 20 Medinan
4 An-Nisa سورة النساء The Women 176 24 Medinan
5 Al-Ma'ida سورة المائدة The Table Spread The Table 120 16 Medinan
6 Al-An'am سورة الأنعام The Cattle 165 20 Meccan
7 Al-A'raf سورة الأعراف The Heights 206 24 Meccan
8 Al-Anfal سورة الأنفال The Spoils of War 75 10 Medinan
9 At-Tawba سورة التوبة The Repentance 129 16 Medinan
10 Yunus سورة يونس Junus or Jonah 109 11 Meccan
11 Hud سورة هود Hud 123 10 Meccan
12 Yusuf سورة يوسف Yousef or Joseph 111 12 Meccan
13 Ar-Ra'd سورة الرعد The Thunder 43 6 Medinan
14 Ibrahim سورة إبراهيم Ibrahim or Abraham 52 7 Meccan
15 Al-Hijr سورة الحجر The Rocky Tract Al-Hijr The Stoneland The Rock City 99 6 Meccan
16 An-Nahl سورة النحل The Honey Bees 128 16 Meccan
17 Al-Isra سورة الإسراء Isra The Night Journey 111 12 Meccan
18 Al-Kahf سورة الكهف The Cave 110 12 Meccan
19 Maryam سورة مريم Maryam or Mary 98 6 Meccan
20 Ta-Ha سورة طه Ta-Ha 135 8 Meccan
21 Al-Anbiya سورة الأنبياء The Prophets 112 7 Meccan
22 Al-Hajj سورة الحج The Pilgrimage The Hajj 78 10 Medinan
23 Al-Mu’minoon سورة المؤمنون The Believers 118 6 Meccan
24 An-Nur سورة النور The Light 64 9 Medinan
25 Al-Furqan سورة الفرقان The Criterion The Standard 77 6 Meccan
26 Ash-Shu'ara سورة الشعراء The Poets 227 11 Meccan
27 An-Naml سورة النمل The Ant The Ants 93 7 Meccan
28 Al-Qasas سورة القصص The Narrations The Stories 88 9 Meccan
29 Al-Ankabut سورة العنكبوت The Spider 69 7 Meccan
30 Ar-Rum سورة الروم The Romans 60 6 Meccan
31 Luqman سورة لقمان Luqman 34 4 Meccan
32 As-Sajda سورة السجدة The Prostration Worship Adoration 30 3 Meccan
33 Al-Ahzab سورة الأحزاب The Clans The Confederates The Combined Forces 73 9 Medinan
34 Saba سورة سبأ Sheba 54 6 Meccan
35 Fatir سورة فاطر The Originator 45 5 Meccan
36 Ya Sin سورة يس Ya-seen 83 5 Meccan
37 As-Saaffat سورة الصافات Those Who Set The Ranks Drawn Up In Ranks 182 5 Meccan
38 Sad سورة ص The Letter Sad 88 5 Meccan
39 Az-Zumar سورة الزمر The Crowds The Troops Throngs 75 8 Meccan
40 Ghafir سورة غافر The Forgiver (God) 85 9 Meccan
41 Fussilat سورة فصلت Expounded Explained In Detail 54 6 Meccan
42 Ash-Shura سورة الشورى The Consultation 53 5 Meccan
43 Az-Zukhruf سورة الزخرف The Gold Adornments The Ornaments of Gold Luxury 89 7 Meccan
44 Ad-Dukhan سورة الدخان The Smoke 59 3 Meccan
45 Al-Jathiya سورة الجاثية The Kneeling Down 37 4 Meccan
46 Al-Ahqaf سورة الأحقاف Winding Sand-tracts The Dunes 35 4 Meccan
47 Muhammad سورة محمد Muhammad 38 4 Medinan
48 Al-Fath سورة الفتح The Victory Conquest 29 4 Medinan
49 Al-Hujurat سورة الحجرات The Room Chamber 18 2 Medinan
50 Qaf سورة ق The Letter Qaf 45 3 Meccan
51 Adh-Dhariyat سورة الذاريات The Wind That Scatter The Winnowing Winds 60 3 Meccan
52 At-Tur سورة الطور The Mountain 49 2 Meccan
53 An-Najm سورة النجم The Star 62 3 Meccan
54 Al-Qamar سورة القمر The Moon 55 3 Meccan
55 Ar-Rahman سورة الرحمن The Most Gracious The Beneficent The Mercy Giving 78 3 Medinan
56 Al-Waqi'a سورة الواقعة The Inevitable The Event 96 3 Meccan
57 Al-Hadid سورة الحديد The Iron 29 4 Medinan
58 Al-Mujadila سورة المجادلة The Pleading The Pleading Woman 22 3 Medinan
59 Al-Hashr سورة الحشر The Gathering 24 3 Medinan
60 Al-Mumtahina سورة الممتحنة The Examined One 13 2 Medinan
61 As-Saff سورة الصف The Ranks Battle Array 14 2 Medinan
62 Al-Jumuah سورة الجمعة The Congregation Friday 11 2 Medinan
63 Al-Munafiqun سورة المنافقون The Hypocrites 11 2 Medinan
64 At-Taghabun سورة التغابن The Cheating The Mutual Loss and Gain 18 2 Medinan
65 At-Talaq سورة الطلاق Divorce 12 2 Medinan
66 At-Tahrim سورة التحريم The Prohibition 12 2 Medinan
67 Al-Mulk سورة الملك The Dominion Sovereignty Control 30 2 Meccan
68 Al-Qalam سورة القلم The Pen 52 2 Meccan
69 Al-Haaqqa سورة الحاقة The Sure Reality 52 2 Meccan
70 Al-Maarij سورة المعارج The Ways of Ascent The Ascending Stairways 44 2 Meccan
71 Nuh سورة نوح Nuh or Noah 28 2 Meccan
72 Al-Jinn سورة الجن The Spirits The Jinn The Demons 28 2 Meccan
73 Al-Muzzammil سورة المزمل The Enfolded One Bundled Up 20 2 Meccan
74 Al-Muddathir سورة المدثر The One Wrapped Up The Cloaked One The Man Wearing A Cloak 56 2 Meccan
75 Al-Qiyama سورة القيامة The Day of Resurrection Standing 40 2 Meccan
76 Al-Insan سورة الإنسان Man Human 31 2 Medinan
77 Al-Mursalat سورة المرسلات Those Sent Forth The Emissaries Winds Sent Forth 50 2 Meccan
78 An-Naba سورة النبأ The Great News Tidings The Announcement 40 2 Meccan
79 An-Naziat سورة النازعات Those Who Tear Out Those Who Drag Forth Soul-snatchers 46 2 Meccan
80 Abasa سورة عبس He Frowned 42 1 Meccan
81 At-Takwir سورة التكوير The Folding Up The Overthrowing 29 1 Meccan
82 Al-Infitar سورة الإنفطار The Cleaving Asunder Bursting Apart 19 1 Meccan
83 Al-Mutaffifin سورة المطففين The Dealers in Fraud Defrauding The Cheats Cheating 36 1 Meccan
84 Al-Inshiqaq سورة الانشقاق The Rending Asunder Splitting Open 25 1 Meccan
85 Al-Burooj سورة البروج The Congregation Of The Stars Constellations 22 1 Meccan
86 At-Tariq سورة الطارق The Hammer The Knock 17 1 Meccan
87 Al-'Ala سورة الأعلى The Most High Glory To Your Lord In The Highest 19 1 Meccan
88 Al-Ghashiya سورة الغاشية The Overwhelming Event Cover 26 1 Meccan
89 Al-Fajr سورة الفجر The Break of Day The Dawn 30 1 Meccan
90 Al-Balad سورة البلد The City This Countryside 20 1 Meccan
91 Ash-Shams سورة الشمس The Sun 15 1 Meccan
92 Al-Lail سورة الليل The Night 21 1 Meccan
93 Ad-Dhuha سورة الضحى The Glorious Morning Light The Forenoon Morning Hours Morning Bright 11 1 Meccan
94 Al-Inshirah سورة الشرح The Expansion of Breast Solace Consolation Relief 8 1 Meccan
95 At-Tin سورة التين The Fig The Fig Tree 8 1 Meccan
96 Al-Alaq سورة العلق The Clinging Clot The Clot Recite 19 1 Meccan
97 Al-Qadr سورة القدر The Night of Power or Honor The Night of Decree Power Fate 5 1 Meccan
98 Al-Bayyina سورة البينة The Clear Proof Evidence 8 1 Medinan
99 Az-Zalzala سورة الزلزلة The Earthquake 8 1 Medinan
100 Al-Adiyat سورة العاديات The Courser The Chargers 11 1 Meccan
101 Al-Qaria سورة القارعة The Striking Hour The Great Calamity The Stunning Blow The Disaster 11 1 Meccan
102 At-Takathur سورة التكاثر The Increase Multiply 8 1 Meccan
103 Al-Asr سورة العصر The Time Day The Epoch 3 1 Meccan
104 Al-Humaza سورة الهمزة The Scandalmonger The Gossipmonger 9 1 Meccan
105 Al-Fil سورة الفيل The Elephant 5 1 Meccan
106 Quraysh سورة قريش Quraysh 4 1 Meccan
107 Al-Ma'un سورة الماعون The Help Assistance 7 1 Meccan
108 Al-Kawthar سورة التكاثر Abundance Plenty 3 1 Meccan
109 Al-Kafirun سورة الكافرون Those Who Reject Faith The Disbelievers Those Cover Truth 6 1 Meccan
110 An-Nasr سورة النصر The Help Support Victory 3 1 Medinan
111 Al-Masadd سورة المسد The Block Obstruct 5 1 Meccan
112 Al-Ikhlas سورة الإخلاص Purity of Faith The Fidelity 4 1 Meccan
113 Al-Falaq سورة الفلق The Daybreak Dawn 5 1 Meccan
114 Al-Nas سورة الناس Mankind 6 1 Meccan