Ayat An-Najm RootWords

سورة النجم - 53 -

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful and the Most Compassionate
1

وَالنَّجْمِ إِذَا هَوَى

هَوَى,
نَجَمَ,
By the star when it falls down (collapse, blown away, a neutron star -- the crushed innards of a massive star that long ago exploded as a supernova. Ref. NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center).
2

مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَى

ضَلَّ,
صَحِبَ,
غَوَى,
Your companion is not misled nor in error.
3

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى

نَطَقَ,
هَوَى,
عَنْ,
Nor does he speak from desires.
4

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَى

وَحَى,
That is but an inspiration. He (prophet) is inspired. (Through Angel Gabriel).
5

عَلَّمَهُ شَدِيدُ الْقُوَى

شَدَّ,
عَلِمَ,
قَوِيَ,
He is taught by the Strong, the Powerful.
6

ذُو مِرَّةٍ فَاسْتَوَى

سَوِيَ,
مَرَّ,
ذُو,
Possessed with transitioning. He became equal. (Transitioned to be equal like human).
7

وَهُوَ بِالْأُفُقِ الْأَعْلَى

أُ فُقْ,
عَلَا,
While he was at the high horizon.
8

ثُمَّ دَنَا فَتَدَلَّى

دَلْو,
دَنَا,
ثَمَّ,
Then he descended and came close.
9

فَكَانَ قَابَ قَوْسَيْنِ أَوْ أَدْنَى

قَاب,
دَنَا,
كَانَ,
قَوِسَ,
Then He was very close (length of) two bows or nearer.
10

فَأَوْحَى إِلَى عَبْدِهِ مَا أَوْحَى

عَبَدَ,
وَحَى,
إِلَى,
Then He inspired to His worshipper what was to be inspired.
11

مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى

رَأَى,
فُؤَاد,
كَذَبَ,
The heart did not lie about what he saw.
12

أَفَتُمَارُونَهُ عَلَى مَا يَرَى

رَأَى,
مَرْي,
Do you then doubt him on what he saw?
13

وَلَقَدْ رَآهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَى

رَأَى,
أخر,
نَزَلَ,
قَدْ,
He saw his descent another time.
14

عِندَ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهَى

سَدِرَ,
عَنَدَ,
نَهَا,
Near the utmost end of the Lotus Tree.
15

عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَى

جَنَّ,
عَنَدَ,
أَوَى,
Near them is the Garden of the Shelter.
16

إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَى

غَشَا,
سَدِرَ,
إِذْ,
As the Lotus Tree is covered with what it was covered.
17

مَا زَاغَ الْبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَى

طَغَا,
زَاغَ,
بَصُرَ,
His eyes did not deviate nor did they exceed the boundaries.
18

لَقَدْ رَأَى مِنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِ الْكُبْرَى

آ ىي -آية,
رَأَى,
كَبَرَ,
رَبَّ,
قَدْ,
He saw from the signs of his Rabb, the Great.
19

أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ اللَّاتَ وَالْعُزَّى

رَأَى,
Do you see the -Lat and the -Uzza?
20

وَمَنَاةَ الثَّالِثَةَ الْأُخْرَى

أخر,
And Menat, the other, the third one?
21

أَلَكُمُ الذَّكَرُ وَلَهُ الْأُنثَى

ذَكّرَ,
أَنُثَ,
Is for you the males and for Him the females?
22

تِلْكَ إِذًا قِسْمَةٌ ضِيزَى

قَسَمَ,
This is a bizarre (unfair) division.
23

إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا أَسْمَاء سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُم مَّا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهْوَى الْأَنفُسُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءهُم مِّن رَّبِّهِمُ الْهُدَى

سَمِي,
نَفُسَ,
تَبِعَ,
جَاءَ,
نَزَلَ,
سُلَط,
هَدَى,
أَب,
ظَنَّ,
هَوَى,
قَدْ,
These are only names that you and your forefathers have assigned of which nothing was sent down from Allah on this. They only follow what they are guessing, and what their ego desires, and indeed, (even though) the guidance has already come to them from their Rabb.
24

أَمْ لِلْإِنسَانِ مَا تَمَنَّى

مَنَا,
أَنِسَ,
Or for the mankind whatever he desires?
25

فَلِلَّهِ الْآخِرَةُ وَالْأُولَى

أخر,
ا و ل,
Then for Allah is the conclusion and the very beginning (The decisions belongs to Allah).
26

وَكَم مِّن مَّلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ لَا تُغْنِي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ أَن يَأْذَنَ اللَّهُ لِمَن يَشَاء وَيَرْضَى

شِاءَ,
رَضِيَ,
غَنِيَ,
شَفَعَ,
بَعُدَ,
أَذن,
How many from the angels are in the universe that not able to mediate in anything, except after Allah gives them permission for whomever He desires, and agrees?
27

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ لَيُسَمُّونَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تَسْمِيَةَ الْأُنثَى

أَ مُنَ,
أخر,
أَنُثَ,
أَ مُنَ,
سَمِي,
مَلَكَ,
Indeed, those who do not believe in the Hereafter give the angels the names of the females.
28

وَمَا لَهُم بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنَّ الظَّنَّ لَا يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا

تَبِعَ,
عَلِمَ,
شِاءَ,
حَقَّ,
غَنِيَ,
ظَنَّ,
They do not have any knowledge about this. They follow only the assumptions and the assumptions are not useful against the truth in anything.
29

فَأَعْرِضْ عَن مَّن تَوَلَّى عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَلَمْ يُرِدْ إِلَّا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

ذَكّرَ,
حي,
وَلِيَ,
عَرُضَ,
دَنَا,
رَادَ,
So avoid him who turns away from Our remembrance and desires nothing but the life of this world.
30

ذَلِكَ مَبْلَغُهُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَن ضَلَّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اهْتَدَى

عَلِمَ,
سَبَلَ,
ضَلَّ,
عَلِمَ,
بَلَغَ,
هَدَى,
ذَا,
رَبَّ,
That is their scope (reach) of knowledge. Your Rabb knows about who is lost from His way and He knows about who is guided.
31

وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسَاؤُوا بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا بِالْحُسْنَى

عَمِلَ,
أَ رَضْ,
جَزَى,
سَمَا,
حَسَنَ,
سَا ءَ,
For Allah belongs whatever is in the universe and the earth. He will recompensate those who disobeyed in their deeds and He Will reward those who did praiseworthy deeds with the good.
32

الَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الْإِثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ إِلَّا اللَّمَمَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ وَاسِعُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ إِذْ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ وَإِذْ أَنتُمْ أَجِنَّةٌ فِي بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ فَلَا تُزَكُّوا أَنفُسَكُمْ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اتَّقَى

عَلِمَ,
نَفُسَ,
تَقَى,
غَفَرَ,
أَثِمَ,
أَ رَضْ,
أَ مَّ,
نَشَأَ,
جَنَّ,
زَكَا,
بَطَنَ,
جَنَبَ,
رَبَّ,
كَبَرَ,
فَحُشَ,
لَمَّ,
وَسُعَ,
إِذْ,
Those who avoid the bigger sins and immoralities, except slight mental derangements, your Rabb is the utmost in forgiveness. He is the One who knows about you when He created you from the earth, and when you were an embryo in the wombs of your mothers. So do not ascribe purity to yourself; He knows who has fear.
33

أَفَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي تَوَلَّى

رَأَى,
وَلِيَ,
Do you then see who has turned away?
34

وَأَعْطَى قَلِيلًا وَأَكْدَى

قَلَّ,
عَطَا,
كَيدَ,
And gave little and harmed by artful machination?
35

أَعِندَهُ عِلْمُ الْغَيْبِ فَهُوَ يَرَى

غَابَ,
عَلِمَ,
رَأَى,
عَنَدَ,
Does he has the knowledge of the unseen, and can foresee?
36

أَمْ لَمْ يُنَبَّأْ بِمَا فِي صُحُفِ مُوسَى

نَبَأَ,
صحف,
Or has he not been informed with what was in the Books (Scrolls) of Musa?
37

وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ الَّذِي وَفَّى

وَفَى,
And Ibrahim, who has been faithful?
38

أَلَّا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى

وَزَرَ,
أخر,
Is it not (true) that you will not carry burdens of the others.
39

وَأَن لَّيْسَ لِلْإِنسَانِ إِلَّا مَا سَعَى

أَنِسَ,
سَعَى,
And that there is nothing for the mankind except what he attempted (pursued, put efforts).
40

وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَى

رَأَى,
سَعَى,
And his attempts (what he pursued, put efforts) will soon be seen.
41

ثُمَّ يُجْزَاهُ الْجَزَاء الْأَوْفَى

جَزَى,
وَفَى,
ثَمَّ,
Soon he will be compensated completely.
42

وَأَنَّ إِلَى رَبِّكَ الْمُنتَهَى

إِلَى,
نَهَا,
رَبَّ,
And that to your Rabb will be the final conclusion.
43

وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَضْحَكَ وَأَبْكَى

ضَحِكَ,
بَكَى,
And that He is the One who makes you laugh and makes you cry.
44

وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَمَاتَ وَأَحْيَا

حي,
مَاتَ,
And that He is the One who gives you death and gives you life.
45

وَأَنَّهُ خَلَقَ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَى

خَلَقَ,
ذَكّرَ,
أَنُثَ,
And that He is the One who created the pairs, the male and the female.
46

مِن نُّطْفَةٍ إِذَا تُمْنَى

نَطَفَ,
مَنَا,
From a semen drop, when it is emitted.
47

وَأَنَّ عَلَيْهِ النَّشْأَةَ الْأُخْرَى

نَشَأَ,
أخر,
And that upon him there will be another arisen, (hereafter).
48

وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَغْنَى وَأَقْنَى

غَنِيَ,
قَنَا,
And that He is the One who enriches and gives acquisitions (properties, possessions).
49

وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ رَبُّ الشِّعْرَى

شَعَرَ,
رَبَّ,
And that He is the One who is the Rabb of the Sirius Star (Sirius is the brightest star in the night sky, 8.6 light years from earth).
50

وَأَنَّهُ أَهْلَكَ عَادًا الْأُولَى

هَلَكَ,
ا و ل,
And that He is the One who destroyed Aad the first (originally).
51

وَثَمُودَ فَمَا أَبْقَى

بَقِىَ,
And Samood, there was nothing left.
52

وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ مِّن قَبْلُ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا هُمْ أَظْلَمَ وَأَطْغَى

قَبِلَ,
ظَلَمَ,
طَغَا,
كَانَ,
قَامَ,
And nation of Noah from before; for they were more unjust and more transgressed.
53

وَالْمُؤْتَفِكَةَ أَهْوَى

هَوَى,
And the overturned cities had blown away.
54

فَغَشَّاهَا مَا غَشَّى

غَشَا,
And covered them with whatever covered them.
55

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاء رَبِّكَ تَتَمَارَى

رَبَّ,
مَرْي,
آلَاء,
So what are the benefits (favors) of your Rabb that you are in doubt of?
56

هَذَا نَذِيرٌ مِّنَ النُّذُرِ الْأُولَى

نَذَرَ,
ا و ل,
This is warning, just like the warning to the ancestors.
57

أَزِفَتْ الْآزِفَةُ

زَفَّ,
Has approached the informed (Day of Final Judgment).
58

لَيْسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ كَاشِفَةٌ

كَشَفَ,
لَيْسَ,
دُون,
Nothing other than Allah can uncover.
59

أَفَمِنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ تَعْجَبُونَ

حَدَثَ,
عَجَبَ,
Which of this occurrence are you surprised about?
60

وَتَضْحَكُونَ وَلَا تَبْكُونَ

بَكَى,
ضَحِكَ,
And you are laughing, and you are not crying?
61

وَأَنتُمْ سَامِدُونَ

سَمَدَ,
And you raise your heads proudly?
62

فَاسْجُدُوا لِلَّهِ وَاعْبُدُوا

عَبَدَ,
سَجَدَ,
So bow down for Allah and worship Him! ۩ Prostration
63

صدق الله العظيم

صَدَقَ,
عَظُمَ,
ALLAH HAS SPOKEN THE GREATEST TRUTH